The Latino Muslim Voice
The July-September 2006 newsletter features:
Quotes of the Month
(A Song for the Entire Family)
By Samantha Sanchez
Counting down the days to Eid
Ramadan's a blessed month
Counting down the days to Eid
We wait for the crescent moon in the sky
Counting down the days to Eid
Oh the days of Ramadan!
Ramadan in the West
By Altaf Bhimji
A new night
Awaiting the news, here, far away
Awaiting watching the Internet for the crescent news
Yes! The crescent has been sighted! Ramadan Mubarakh!
The masjid schedule consulted, and alarm clock set.
Work the next day, same tempo, same schedule.
Going home, 1/2 hour before sunset
Arriving home, break fast with some friends
Remembrance of Ramadan in Karachi, Casablanca, Lahore,
Tears, and anger expressed today: Murder and slaughter
And hope expressed: Our faith desecrated,
And the fast is broken
Curries, Tajeens and Moles
Exploring Culture and Conversion Through Food
By Anisa Abeytia
Exploring other cultures always implied a culinary exchange to me. When meeting someone from an unfamiliar culture, the first thing I ask is, "So, what do you all eat?" I ask this because food holds our history and can reveal a story with each bite. It can take the global and exotic and turn it into the local and the intimate. We usually do not try new food alone and many times a friend from another culture introduces us to it, along with an explanation of the way a food is prepared or if it holds a special significance in the culture, like couscous on Friday in Morocco or tamales for Christmas in Mexico. This turns something novel or strange into an intimate and non- confrontational introduction. Food was one of the ways I was first introduced to Islam. The food seemed to be as foreign to me as the religion.
There is no such thing as "Islamic Cuisine" or "Muslim Food," but Muslims do eat and each ethnic group has a culinary tradition that often times predated Islam. What binds all of these culinary traditions together is Islam and the guidelines offered in the Quran and by the prophet Mohamed (peace and blessings be upon him) about food and food preparation.
Since I was introduced to Islam by Pakistanis, the first food I encountered was at a Pakistani restaurant. Actually, I was unable to enter the restaurant. The moment the door was opened, the pungent and hot spices hit my eyes and within minutes, I could not see through my tears. We left and found something a little more American.
Converting to Islam was a bit like this experience. The changes I made were monumental and stung. They stung because I was entering uncharted territory and I did not know if I would make it out all right. On the surface there was nothing familiar to guide me or comfort me. The languages spoken, primarily Urdu (India, Pakistan) and Arabic (the universal Muslim language), the dress, the ways of living and of course food, were out of my experience. I tried to fit in, but I was the proverbial Japanese nail sticking out and should be hammered down. This is not to say that Islam is about conformity, but I made people uncomfortable.
A year after converting to Islam I married a man from Morocco. In preparation for my new life as a Muslim wife, I bought a Moroccan cookbook. I would start food preparation at noon to get dinner on the table by 6 P.M. This was a major production, but I loved learning about the food, history and people. Then, after a month of marriage, my husband asked me, "Why do you make wedding food everyday?" I was floored! So that is why it took me so long.
Even though I was spending so much time in the kitchen, I still left time to learn about Islam. Many of the books I read did not make sense to me. I soon realized, not only was I lacking the linguistic skills, but I knew nothing about the history of Islam. Islam did not seem familiar to me because I did not "know" the people that shaped it or the events that molded modern Muslims. I read history books and fiction by modern Muslims writers and looked for recipes from Islam's past. What I found was that not only had many of the culinary traditions changed since the 10th century A.D., but so had the way people interpreted Islam. During the time of the Crusades, Muslims focused on Mohammed as a warrior, in early Andalus (Spain) he was the just and seeker of knowledge (see Carl Ernest "Following Mohammad I" and Reza Aslan "No god but God"). This is not to say that there were drastic revisions, not in the least, but things were recombined and reinterpreted to match the people. Just like food, Islam is meant to be eaten several times a day or more appropriately, lived.
Not all Muslims do the same thing; they are not homogenous, not now or in the past. They also do not eat the same food, so why was I giving myself a hard time preparing wedding food everyday? Could I not make Islam "practical," for lack of better words? Did Islam have to be something foreign? Islam and all of its "practical" manifestations could be extremely foreign because they are cultures and not universal truths, but it was the universal truths found in Islam that gave rise to these cultures. I had to make Islam real to me. I had to make dinner.
I am a third generation Mexican-American convert who had no connection to Mexico and its culture. I was also denied cultural citizenship as an American because of my skin color, so I was a foreigner. After my conversion, I did not want to become a practitioner of a culture; I wanted to be a Muslim. Yet, despite my best efforts and my husband's, the practicality of daily life intervened - what were we going to eat?
I grew up eating a S.A.D. diet (Standard American Diet) and that way of eating was just no longer acceptable. I had no ethnic tradition of my own to call upon and I had never eaten Moroccan food, but I was willing to try both. I was determined to find a new way to cook to match my new life. We lived on the premise that, "if it is halal, eat it." That is what we did and that is how these two cuisines became fused to help nourish and sustain our Islamic practices at home.
At first dishes I prepared did not always turn out tasty, but I practiced and I looked to the foods that traditionally nourished Mexicans and Moroccans. Tajeens and moles were a few dishes that I discovered. They are similar to curries. Moles come from Mexico and tajeens from Morocco. They are slow-cooked pot of delicious morsels that just melt away in the mouth. Each region and each family has their own way of integrating spices and other ingredients. These dishes are passed from generation to generation because they work for the ones preparing them, just like daily worship. We usually inherit these practices as well, but other times we find our own way and have to work a little harder.
I eventually made my own version of curry. Is it exactly like a traditional curry? No, but it is my version. It is true that to call something a curry does not make it a curry. It has to include all the basic ingredients of a curry. The same is true for a religion. If one removes one or more of the fundamentals or pillars of Islam, say prayer for instance, one can not really call herself a Muslim. However we all find ways to make Islam a living and breathing way of life and it is a day-to-day struggle that sometimes takes an unexpected turn and ends up on our plates.
I would like to share a few of my recipes with you. Enjoy the food and make Islam your own. Bismillah (In the name of God)!
Many of the herbs and the muslin bags can be purchased at www.mountainroseherbs.com. I only use organic produce, eggs, dairy and organic-halal meat. Try including organic things in these recipes and see if you and your family taste a difference.
Anisa Abeytia lives in rural Northern California with her husband and four children and is a member of the Muslimah Writer's Alliance and the Islamic Writer's Alliance. Anisa can be reached at anisa.abeytia@Muslimahwritersalliance.com.
Jicama in a Minted Salad Dressing
Minted Hibiscus Cooler sweetened with ajave nectar.
Chicken marinated in Charmula with mango/papaya salsa
Flan with cardamom, honey and pistachios
Anisa'a Tajeen Spices
Una Jornada en Chicago
Un Aprendizaje a base de experiencia
Por Rebecca Abuqaoud
Paz y bendicion,
Mi participacion en la organizacion de programas como las Confraternidades Anuales, Clases Islamicas en Espanol para las hermanas y otros eventos de Dawah en la comunidad me han dejado una gran leccion de vida que en ocasiones comparto con mis hermanas cuando nos reunimos. Con el transcurrir del tiempo he aprendido que la vision y metas se logra a base de mucho esfuerzo y dedicacion con optimismo.
Una vez lei el pamfleto La Vision, publicada por The Instituto of Islamic Information and Education. De este pamfleto aprendi que los musulmanes deben reconocer la importancia de la educacion, motivacion y mobilizacion en la comunidad. En un parrafo de La Vision decia:"Las comunidades sin una vision estan destinados a la ignominia viviendo como sujetos a esos que tienen una vision." "La vision es la motivacion para el progreso." Es importante tener una gran vision para la comunidad. "La vision y optimismo combinados con esfuerzo, paciencia y perseverancia daban el exito." "Cada cambio venia de una u otra persona de vision que a pesar de que sean reidos por la ignorancia de los pesimistas." "Una vision debe ser trasladado en un plan y un proyecto y ser implementado."
Muchas frases que lei de esta literatura impactaron en mi vida profundamente que en momentos de desanimo me alentaron y animaron antes de dejarme llevar por el pesimismo. Y es por eso que la Surah 3:200 donde menciona la paciencia, perseverancia, constancia y el temor a Dios, se ha vuelto mi frase favorita. Es asi que de alli surgio una formula a las que yo llame las 4Cs.
La primera C es el compromiso con Allah SWT, pensar que cada proyecto o plan que nos proponemos es con el afan de agradar a Allah. La segunda C es comunicacion. Comunicar es muy esencial e importante en la comunidad. Comunicar y expresar las necesidades que se ve, intercambiar ideas para proyectos y programas son necesarios para llevarlos a cabo. La comunicacion via telefonica, electronica, escrita, por correo, etc. es vital. Es una de las formas que hemos usado para enviar invitaciones a nuestros programas. La tercera C es constancia. La constancia es muy importante para sacar a flote y continuar con las metas por realizar. Hubo ocasiones en que bajo la asistencia de estudiantes para las clases Islamicas. Hubo una vez en la estabamos reunidas, una hermana y yo pero a pesar de ello continuamos hacia adelante. Mi anhelo era que a pesar de la baja de asistencia no nos desalentamos. Fueron retos para nosotras las hermanas porque tomamos conciencia en la importancia de aprender el Islam. Aprendi que de tiempo en tiempo venian nuevas gentes con ganas de saber y aprender el Islam. Y que el circulo de estudio era ya como un hogar que esperaba a las nuevas hermanas. La cuarta C es la consistencia, era importante tener las clases consistentemente. Hubo un tiempo que la maestra que nos impartia las clases no podia venir por compromisos con su trabajo. Y eso no fue razon para cancelar las clases. Me propuse a estudiar mas a fondo el Coran y la Sunnah adecuadamente para poder compartir temas Islamicos para las clases de las hermanas. Este circulo de estudio para mi ha sido y es una gran escuela que me ha ensenado la responsabilidad de presentar temas Islamicos documentados y basados en Coran y Sunnah. La dedicacion y disciplina tambien fueron ingredientes basicos para esta responsabilidad de presentacion de temas Islamicos. Alhamdulillah, hace dos anos aproximadamente estuve presentando temas para las hermanas.
Tambien desde el ano pasado desde Setiembre del 2005, tenemos un nuevo presentador de temas Islamicos y es el hermano Sharif Garcia. El tomo cursos intensivos de Dawah en el III&E; Chicago, IL.
Las hermanas Latinas Musulmanes han tomado un rol muy activo en la educacion Islamica de ellas mismas y la comunidad. Recientemente en las clases Islamicas en Espanol se ha implementado presentaciones orales en el salon. Las estudiantes escogen su tema de presentacion. Ellas han aprendido que los temas Islamicos son presentados basados en Coran y Sunnah.
En los pasados meses de Febrero y Marzo del 2006, las estudiantes tuvieron examenes por escrito. Yo estoy encargada de formular las preguntas para los examenes. En dos archivadores he ido colectando y documentando todos los programas, bolantes, cartas, boletin informativo, eventos y metas por escrito en las cuales me he envuelto personalmente imprimiendolos. En un archivo estan las actividades y agenda del ano 2001-2004 y en otro archivo esta documentado cronologicamente las actividades y agenda del 2005 hasta el presente 2006. Insha'Allah, estos planes, metas y agenda llena de actividades se realizen y sigan hacia adelante.
Durante mi aprendizaje a base de experiencia, he observado que las hermanas que se integran y conviven en la comunidad Islamica se ven mas saludables espiritualmente a comparacion de las hermanas que se aislan o se alejan de la comunidad Islamica. Ellas permanecen pesimistas piensan que el Islam es muy dificil de realizar. Sin embargo, las hermanas que se integran en la comunidad permanecen mas optimistas, se ajustan y asimilan incorporando el Islam en sus vidas. Hay que notar que las hermanas Latinas Musulmanes tienen que abandonar ciertas costumbres y tradiciones que son parte de la cultura Latina. Uno de los cambios de una Latina Musulmana es cuando se viste de una manera Islamica, cubriendose el pelo con una panoleta o Hijab. Las musulmanes nuevas que se ponen el Hijab pasan por una serie de etapas sicologicas. Esto se debe a los estereotipos negativos que la sociedad tiene acerca de la mujer Musulmana. Cuando ellas van por la calle con su Hijab puesto, cubriendose el pelo y usando ropas holgadas ponen a prueba su fe y ven como la sociedad les trata.
Las hermanas comparten sus experiencias en los cambios de estilo de vida a medida que van incorporando el Islam en sus vidas. Escuchar sus necesidades, experiencias y el poner atencion a ello crea una atmosfera de hermandad. El ser escuchado y el tener apoyo mutuo es terapeutico.
Despues de ver los resultados positivos de cada programa, se ha visualizado tener Las Confraternidades Anuales de las hermanas cada ano, donde se presenta e introduce a las nuevas hermanas en Islam. Se enfatiza y remarka en la importancia de una especial bienvenida y que se sientan integradas en la familia musulmana. Tambien con el establecimiento de las Clases Islamicas en Espanol, se les recomienda a las nuevas hermanas que continuen con el aprendizaje del Islam.
El proveer y establecer un ambiente Islamico para el revertido o revertida al Islam es vital y necesario. Insha'Allah, esta vision continue y pase a las proximas y nuevas generaciones. El Islam prevalece, Subhana'Allah!
UN EVENTO QUE SE APROXIMA
Actualmente las hermanas de C.A.L.A.M. estan organizando La Gran Sexta Confraternidad Anual. Insha'Allah, esto se llevara a cabo el 27 de Mayo del 2006 en el Muslim Community Center.
En este evento se presentara temas y situaciones relacionado con la mujer Musulmana. El primer tema tratara de los desafios de la mujer contemporanea musulmana y esto abarcara estereotipos y conceptos erroneos. Este tema sera presentado por la hermana Mary C. Ali. El segundo tema sera La Virgen Maria y este tema sera presentado por la hermana Amina Sayeed. La tercera parte de presentacion sera por las hermanas miembros de C.A.L.A.M. Ellas estaran presentando el tema de la mujer musulmana y los desafios que afrontan en la sociedad como son los estereotipos y conceptos erroneos. Esta presentacion especificamente sera en Espanol por aproximadamente 25 minutos. Y tambien incluira presentar el tema de la Virgen Maria en Espanol.
En este ano 2006, la hermana Diana Pena esta envuelta en la organizacion de este programa con la gran colaboracion de las hermanas de la clases Islamicas. El programa en general sera en Ingles y parcialmente en Espanol. El objetivo es invitar a las mujeres no Musulmanas e informarles de la belleza del Islam. Tambien estaran invitadas todas las hermanas de diferentes etnias, teniendo una gran diversidad etnica. Queremos que la comunidad Islamica conozca a las hermanas nuevas en el Islam. Las Latinas Musulmanas les encanta congregarse e integrarse en la comunidad Islamica. Insha'Allah, este evento sea exitoso y de gran bendicion.
Gratitud y Agradecimiento
Primeramente, gracias a Allah SWT, El Todopoderoso por su Misericordia y bendiciones a los varios programas y eventos sin Su Ayuda y Guia no seria posible el progreso de planes y metas en cada momento de nuestra preparacion.
Mi agradecimiento profundo y sincero a las hermanas que me alentaron y apoyaron mucho en los programas que me envolvi y ellas han sido parte de ello. Trabajar en equipo con ellas ha sido y es de gran bendicion en mi vida. Gracias! hermana Fatima Natour, Mary Ali, Saraliz Kazmi, Vilma Lopez, Ruth Saleh, Celia Snowber, Idalia Nieves, Raquel Organista, Carmen Garcia y a la hermana Diana Pena. Que Allah SWT les bendiga mucho por su gran contribucion en la comunidad Musulmana.
Hispanic Muslim Day 2006
The Islamic Educational Center of North Hudson held it's 4th Annual Hispanic Muslim Day event yesterday (September 10th, 2006) to celebrate the Islamic heritage Latinos from across the globe share through their Moorish ancestors who once ruled Spain for over 800 years.
The day's event was filled with lectures, food, games, and Q&A sessions. Many Latino converts, along with some of their family and friends, attended the event that was first created by IEC 4 years ago to recognize their ever-growing Latino congregation. With the rapid rate by which Latinos are converting to Islam, IEC recognized the need for more information and services much needed by these converts.
Along with supplying their new members with Spanish translations of the Qur'an and religious classes held in Spanish, IEC also coordinated the Hispanic Muslim Day in order to provide these converts with knowledge about their Islamic ancestry and also to bring their non-Muslim family members and friends to the Mosque. The Hispanic Muslim Day gives their families and friends a better understanding as to why they chose to be a Muslim.
Lectures included topics such as the Islamic Spain and the Moors who ruled for over 800 years, "Jesus in Islam", and "Women's rights in Al-Andalus". Brother Abdullah Danny Hernandez who is currently studying to be an Imam (religious cleric) at Al-Azhar University in Cairo also gave a lecture on "Why Islam", touching upon why Latinos are converting and the beauties to be found in this new way of life.
The day's event also featured question and answer sessions, Islamic poetry, Nasheeds (Islamic Songs), free literature, and food that included empanadas as well as stuffed grape leaves. And to cap off the day, everyone was invited to observe the late afternoon prayer (Asr) in the main prayer hall, led by Sheikh Muhammad Al-Hayek. With the ever-increasing Latino Muslim population throughout the world and within their own community, IEC believes next year's event will be even better.
Enlightenment in the Dark Ages (A Play)
By Linda Rodriguez
A common saying of the Dark Ages was when God forgot the world, maybe not entirely.
In Umayyad Spain. Islamic Spain about 850 AD. While the rest of Europe dabbled in the Dark Ages a shining star in the Iberian Peninsula, Al Andaluz, Islam's Garden of Light in Europe. In a small villa in the outskirts of Cordova.
Characters. In Order of Appearance:
Maximo: Spanish. Works as an Albanil (mason) at La Mezquita
Notes: The following play was first performed at the 2005 Hispanic Muslim Day event in New Jersey. Muslim children performed the play while dressed in clothing from the Medieval Period.
At the home of Rosario
[Enter Maximo, brother of Rosario]
Maximo: Finally, work! Thank God! (pause) But what will everyone say...oh Lord? What will my family say, or my sister? After all I've said to her. This is my own doing.
[Enter Rosario, Wife of Khalid]
Rosario: Maximo, I heard you got a job with the town! I'm so happy for you! I can't wait to tell Khalid.
Maximo: Who told you!.... Dime!
Rosario: Khalid! Dad's the Alcalde.
Maximo: Don't tell anyone! No one knows. Not even mamí.
Rosario: Porque? There's no shame in work.
Maximo: It's not the work, hermana. It's who I work for. After all the things I said because you married Khalid.
Rosario: Maximo, that's all in the past. I have been married to Khalid for 5 years. I stopped paying attention to you after the second year, hermanito. Khalid and I both love you and that's why we helped with this job.
Maximo: Wait a second!!! This was you and Khalid who got me this job? But they requested us to sign up?
Rosario: Hermanito! This is your work! They remember how you worked at the church. You remember the great masonery. That was all your work.
Maximo: Hmmm. Si, hermana, you are right!
The artisans applied their remarkable skills to architecture in making mosques (masjid) and palaces. They mastered technique and design.
Muslim Cordoba was described as the "Jewel of the Tenth Century." It was compared to Constantinople and Baghdad.
[Enter Isabela, Mother of Maximo]
Isabela: Hola! Niños. Como Estan?
Rosario: Nada mamí. (acting naïve)
Maximo: Nothing mama (brushing off his mother)
Isabela: Hmmm . . . something is wrong! Tell me!
[Rosario looks at Khalid]
Isabela: Dime mi hijo...
Maximo: Nothing mama, I got a job.
Isabela: That's great son! Donde?
Maximo: Como albanil.
Isabela: Ay que bueno! Thank you God! Donde?
Maximo: In the mezquita (he mumbles the ending)
Rosario: (interrupts) Mami, he's gonna work with the big project in the middle of the city.
Isabela: Que?! What project? Are you guys talking about La Gran Mezquita! Maximo! Is this true? What I'm hearing!
In another part of the city of Cordova at the La Gran Mequita site the following takes place.
Khalil: Asalamu Alaykum. (approaching The Alcalde, his father) Thank you for helping Maximo, baba.
Alcade: Walaykum Salam. It's okay son. We must start this Masjid as soon as we can.
Khalid: Yes, I will talk to Maximo to see if he has more friends that are willing to help with pay.
Alcalde: Listen Khalid! General Tarik has contacted Mousa telling him how well our settlement has been. Mousa is planning to come and settle in Sevilla.
Back at the home of Rosario
Rosario: Mami I'm worried about Maximo. It's been a while since Los Arabes Musulmanes settled, and he still doesn't feel comfortable among them.
Isabela: I know! But it's okay look how well our country is doing since the Muslim Arabs came. Ay Dios Mio" Can you imagine if they never came? Our country would probably be in the same conditions as France.
Rosario: Ay Dios, no lo permita!
Irrigation systems imported from the Muslim World beautified Al Andalus pasture and brought its agriculture. Where olives and wheat flourished naturally the Arabs added pomegranates, oranges, lemons, aubergines, artichokes, cumin, coriander, bananas, almonds, pams, henna, woad, madder, saffron, sugar cane, cotton, rice, figs, grapes, peaches, and apricots.
Isabela: This definitely has being a good change for us and our country.
Rosario: Mami! I have been learning about Islam, and it truly has touched my heart. When they finish constructing this mosque I will go and learn more.
Three months later the Governor of North Africa Mousa arrives in Spain and later settles in the city of Sevilla. Mousa and General Tariq meet.
General Tariq: Asalamu Alaykum. Welcome to the land of Al Andalus.
Mousa: Walaikum Salam. This has been the will of Allah Subhanna Watallah for us to be here.
General Tariq: La Gran Mezquita is almost completed, and we are looking to build others throughout the cities, Insha'allah!
Mousa: I heard you have Christians working in the construction of the Masjid.
General Tariq: Yes, El Alcalde from Cordova has a son Khalid married to a Spanish Christian. Rosario, her brother Maximo, he is an Albanil. He and other workers as well.
Mousa: Masha'allah! We must go there. I want to see what has been done.
Six months later in the city of Cordova the construction of La Gran Mezquita was finally completed. They all gather to see their great accomplishment.
Alcalde: Maximo, you all have done a great job.
Maximo: Gracias. Alcalde, I couldn't have done it without the help of everyone. Who would ever think that Christians and Muslim would work together so well?
Maximo: It truly has been a good experience.
Khalid: Inshallah, you can come and visit us at the mosque.
Alcalde: Yes, it would be very nice if you can come with your friends.
Khalid: Rosario will be coming to learn more about Islam you can, too.
For the first time ever, all Muslims from the city of Cordova and nearby cities gather together for the Jumah Prayer. You can hear the call to prayer.
As Abdurrahman makes the call to prayer, you can see the interest in the faces of the Christians as they hear the call.
Back at the home of Isabela, Isabela and Maria are talking about the kids.
Isabela: Maximo y Rosario have been going to the Mosque to learn about Islam. Dios Mio! This kid! They really have changed.
Maria: How about you? What do you think about Islam?
Isabela: You know, when the Muslims first came to this country I wasn't really happy. Pero it seems like destiny that Rosario y Khalid would become a family. He really is a good kid.
Maria: I agree. I didn't like the idea at all. My son Fernando is thinking about converting to this religion, and I'm really worried.
Isabela: Maria, Don't worry!
Isabela: The religion of Islam is a peaceful religion. They really are devoted to serving God by obeying what he commands them to do.
Rosario: Buenos Dias! Hola Maria. Mom, I have something to tell you!
Isabela: What is it?
Rosario: Khalid and I would really like for you to come to the mosque this Friday si Dios lo permite. I will do my Shahada.
Maria: Shahada? Que es eso?
Rosario: Mama, you know I love you and you are the best mom anyone can have. You know how Islam has changed me completely.
Isabel: Yo se mija! I have never seen you and Maximo so happy before.
Rosario: Mama, I want you to be with me on the most important day of my life. Friday, I will convert to Islam.
[There was silence across the room!]
Isabel: Rosario! Are you sure this is what you want to do?
Rosario: Yes, Mama!
Isabel: Que Dios te Bendiga! I will be there to support you on your decisión.
The Friday prayer at La Gran Mezquita de Cordova was full. Rosario and her family were there! Among others interested in the religion.
[Shiek Aburrahman with great joy was calling for everyone to witness Rosario and Maximo's Shahada.]
Shiek Aburrahman: Today is a very important day! We have two special people among us that will do their Shahada. Maximo and Rosario, please come forward.
[Maximo and Rosario walked to the Sheik with tears of joy.]
Shiek Aburrahman: Maximo! Rosario! Are you both ready? Do you believe that there is no God but Allah Subhanna Watalah and that the Prophet Mohammad salaiho Salam is the Messenger of Allah!
Maximo: Yes I do.
Rosario: Yes I do.
Shiek Aburrahman: Rosario! What I'm going to say in Arabic you will repeat after me.
Shiek Aburrahman: Ash-hadu Alla Ilaha llallahu wa Ash-hadu An-na Mohammedan Adhuhu wa rasuluh.
Rosario: Ash-hadu Alla Ilaha llalahu wa Ash-hadu Ana-na Muhummadan Aldhuhu wa rasuluh.
[You can see tears and joy from the faces of Maximo and Rosario.]
Shiek Aburrahman: Takbir, Takbir!
All Muslims in audience: Allahu Akbar!
Cordova University; Islamic Spain around 1200 A.D. was at the height of the Intellectual Boom.
The Islamic civilization had reached its peak in the 10th century, and by 1100 CE the number of Muslims rose to 5.6 million. There existed in Cordoba alone 200,000 houses, 600 mosques, 900 public baths, 10,000 lamps, and 50 hospitals. Lit and paved streets. Muslims introduced public baths because of their need to wash in preparation for prayer 5 times a day. Libraries and research institutions grew rapidly in Muslim Spain. While the rest of Europe remained illiterate, in Muslim Spain knowledge from Greece and Rome was preserved. Arab scholars produced encyclopedias on medicine and astronomy in the 11th Century.
30 Hadeeth for Ramadan
All Hadeeth are from Al Bukhari and Muslim.
Suggested useage guidelines:
1 - Narrated `Abdullâh bin `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him): Allâh's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said, The month can be 29 nights (i.e. days), and do not observe Saum (fast) till you see the crescent, and if the sky is overcast, then complete the month of Sha`bân as 30 days. (Bukhari)
2 - Narrated Abû Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him) : Allâh's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said, Saum (fasting) is a shield (or a screen or a shelter from the Hellfire). So, the person observing Saum (fast) should avoid sexual relations with his wife and should not behave foolishly and impudently, and if somebody fights with him or abuses him, he should say to him twice, `I am observing Saum (fast) .' The Prophet (may peace be upon him) added, By Him in Whose Hands my soul is, the smell coming out from the mouth of a person observing Saum (fast) is better with Allâh than the smell of musk. (Allâh says about the fasting person), `He has left his food, drink and desires for My sake. The Saum (fast) is for Me, So I will reward the fasting person for it (Al Bukhari)
3 - Abu Hurairah, (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: When there comes the month of Ramadan, the gates of Paradise are opened, and the gates of Hell are locked and the devils are chained. (Muslim)
4 - Narrated Abû Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (may peace be upon him) said, Whoever does not give up telling lies (false statements) and acting on those lies, and evil actions etc., Allâh is not in need of his leaving his food and drink (i.e. Allâh will not accept his Saum (fasting)). (Al Bukhari)
5 - Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Any servant of Allah who observes one day of Fast for Allah's sake, Allah would remove his face away from the Fire of Hell a distance equivalent to seventy years. (Muslim)
6 - Ibn 'Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) was the most generous of people in charity, but he was even more generous in the month of Ramadan. Angel Gabriel (peace be upon him) used to meet him every year during the month of Ramadan until it ended, so that Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) could recite the Qur'an to him; and when Gabriel met Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) he was more generous in giving charity than the blowing wind. (Muslim)
7 - Narrated Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him): Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) said, Whoever prayed at night the whole month of Ramadhan out of sincere faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven. (Bukhari)
8 - Narrated Sahl bin Sa`d (may Allah be pleased with him): Allâh's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said, The people (Muslim Ummah) will remain on the right path as long as they hasten to break their fast. (Break the fast on time, without delay) (Al Bukhari)
9 - Narrated Sahl (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (may peace be upon him) said, There is a gate in Paradise called ArRaiyân, and those who observe Saum (fasts) will enter through it on the Day of Resurrection and none except them will enter through it. It will be said, `Where are those who used to observe Saum (fasts)?' They will get up, and none except them will enter through it. After their entry the gate will be closed and nobody will enter through it. (Al Bukhari)
10 - Abu Salamah bin 'Abdul-Rahman reported that he asked 'A'ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) about the night Prayer (Taraweeh) of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) during the month of Ramadan. She said: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) did not observe - either in Ramadan or in any other month more than eleven rak'ahs (units of prayer) of the night Prayer (Taraweeh). He in the first instance observed four rak'ahs. Ask not about their excellence and their length (i.e. these were matchless in perfection and length). He again observed four rak'ahs, and ask not about their excellence and length. He would then observe three rak'ahs (of the Witr Prayer). 'A'ishah again reported: I asked: Messenger of Allah, do you sleep before observing the Witr Prayer? He said: O 'A'ishah, my eyes sleep but my heart does not. (Muslim)
11 - Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: When anyone of you gets up in the morning in a state of Fasting, he should neither have sexual relations with his wife, nor use obscene language or do any act of ignorance. And if anyone slanders him or quarrels with him, he should say: "I am fasting, I am fasting." (Muslim)
12 - Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Take Suhur (small meal before dawn); for in the Suhur there is a blessing. (Muslim)
13 - Zaid Bin Thabit (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated: We took Sahur (light meal before the break of dawn) with the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him), we then stood up for prayer. I said, how much time was there between the two acts, he said, the time it takes to recite fifty verses of the Qur'an. (Muslim)
14 - Jabir bin 'Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: In the course of a journey, Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) saw a man whom the people were crowding around and providing some shade. Upon this, he (the Prophet) asked: What is the matter with him? They said: He is a person observing Fast. Whereupon the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: It is not righteousness that you fast while you are travelling. (Muslim)
15 - 'A'ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) reported: Hamzah bin 'Amr Al-Aslami asked the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) about Fasting on a journey, and he (the Prophet) said: If you wish to fast do so, and if you prefer to break your fast you may do so. (Muslim)
16 - Narrated `Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her): With the start of the last ten days of Ramadân, the Prophet (may peace be upon him) used to tighten his waist-belt (i.e. work hard) and used to offer Salât (prayer) all the night, and used to keep his family awake for the Salât (prayers). (Al Bukhari)
17 - Narrated Abû Sa`id (may Allah be pleased with him) about the Night of Qadr, he said: We practised I`tikâf (seclusion in the mosque) in the middle third of the month of Ramadân with the Prophet (may peace be upon him). In the morning of the 20th of Ramadan, the Prophet (may peace be upon him) came and addressed us and said, I was informed of the date of the Night of Qadr but I was caused to forget it; so search for it in the odd nights of the last ten nights of the month of Ramadân . (Al Bukhari)
18 - Narrated Ibn `Abbâs (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (may peace be upon him) said, Look for the lailat of Qadr (the night of power) in the last ten nights of Ramadân - on the night when nine or seven or five nights remain out of the last ten nights of Ramadân ((i.e. 21, 23, 25, (27, 29,) respectively). (Bukhari)
19 - Narrated `Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) the wife of the Prophet (may peace be upon him): The Prophet (may peace be upon him) used to practise I`tikâf (seclusion in the mosque) in the last ten days of Ramadân till he died and then his wives used to practise I`tikâf after him. (Al Bukhari)
20 - Narrated `Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her), the wife of the Prophet (may peace be upon him) : While Allâh's Messenger (may peace be upon him) was in I'tikaf (seclusion in the mosque) he used to put his head in the house (their house was right next to the Prophet's mosque) so that I could comb and oil his hair. Whenever he was in I`tikâf he never used to enter the house except for an urgent need. (Bukhari)
21 - Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: If anyone forgets that he is fasting and eats or drinks, he should complete his Fast (i.e. don't stop fasting) for it was Allah Who fed him and gave him drink. (Muslim)
22 - Narrated 'Amir Bin Rabi'a (may Allah be pleased with him): I saw the Prophet (may peace be upon him) cleaning his teeth with Siwak (small branch of a tree) while he was fasting so many times as I cannot count. (Bukhari)
23 - 'A'ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) kissed one of his wives while he was fasting, and then she ('A'ishah) smiled as she was narrating. (Muslim)
24 - 'A'ishah and Umm Salamah (may Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (may peace be upon him) woke up in the morning in a state of janabah (major impurity, i.e. after sexual relations with his wife) which was not due to the wet dream and then observed the Fast. (Muslim)
25 - Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: A person came to the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) and said: Messenger of Allah, I am ruined. He (the Prophet) asked: What has brought about your ruin? He said: I have had intercourse with my wife during the month of Ramadan. Upon this he (the Prophet) asked: Can you set a slave free? He said: No. He (the Prophet) again asked: Can you fast for two consecutive months? He said: No. He (the Prophet) asked: Can you provide food to sixty poor people? He said: No. He then sat down and (in the meanwhile) there was brought to the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) a basket which contained dates. He (the Prophet) said: Give these dates in Charity. He (the man) asked: Am I to give to one who is poorer than me? There is no family poorer than mine between the two lava plains of Medina. The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) laughed till his molar teeth became visible and said: Go and give it to your family to eat. (Muslim)
26 - Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (may peace be upon him) said: If any one of you is invited to a meal when he is fasting, he should say: I am fasting. (Muslim)
27 - Ibn 'Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) forbade uninterrupted fasting (Saum Wisal - fasting for more than one day in a row). They (some of the Companions) said: You yourself fast uninterruptedly, whereupon he said: I am not like you. I am fed and supplied drink by Allah. (Muslim)
28 - Narrated Ibn `Abbâs (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (may peace be upon him) was cupped (process of removing bad blood with a vacuum and a cup) while he was in the state of Ihrâm, and also while he was observing a Saum (fast). (Al Bukhari)
29 - Narrated Ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him): I heard Allâh's Messenger (may peace be upon him) saying, When you see the crescent (of the moon) for the month of Ramadân, start observing Saum (fast), and when you see the crescent (of the moon) for the month of Shawwâl, stop observing Saum (fast); and if the sky is overcast and you can't see it (the crescent) then regard the month as having 30 days. (Bukhari)
30 - Narrated `Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her): Allâh's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said, Whoever died while leaving missed saum (fasts) from Ramadân, then his guardians must observe saum (fast) on his behalf. (Bukhari)
Equipo de Publicidad de Ramadán
Por Council on American-Islamic Relations de Canadá. (CAIR-CAN)
En el nombre de Dios, el Compasivo, el Misericordioso
As-salámu aleikum. La paz esté sobre usted.
Ramadán es un tiempo especial para la comunidad musulmana. Como el mes más bendecido del año, es una época de reflexión, de rezo y de renovar de la fe. Los musulmanes por todo el mundo ayunan desde amanecer hasta la puesta del sol, absteniendo del alimento y de otros placeres sensuales para terminar con uno de los cinco pilares del Islam y para alcanzar autodisciplina, purificación, y compasión para los menos afortunados.
Cada año el Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR en las cifras ingleses) publica un kit de Ramadán con la esperanza que la comunidad musulmana lo utilice para educar otros sobre este mes santo y sus tradiciones. Este kit fue hecho para asistir a su comunidad en acontecimientos y actividades de la publicación de Ramadán. Contiene medios de relaciones para la prensa, información sobre Ramadán, plantillas de noticias, e ideas creativas para los acontecimientos de Ramadán.
El año pasado, los líderes de la comunidad y los activistas de alrededor del país transfirieron este kit de publicidad. Algunos sostuvieron iftares comunitarios, invitando a musulmanes y a no-musulmanes igualmente para compartir en romper el ayuno. Otros ven al mes de Ramadán como una oportunidad de enseñar a otros sobre el Islam organizando exhibiciones para el público y presentaciones para sus colegas y sus compañeros de clases.
Dependiendo de su esfuerzo, nosotros aquí en CAIR esperamos que este kit le ayude a generar la cobertura en la prensa de sus acontecimientos de Ramadán y a inspirarle a que venga con nuevas maneras creativas de enseñar otros sobre el Islam. Sea seguro enviarnos cualesquiera historias de éxito o idea de Ramadán que usted tenga.
Wassalamu Aleikum (la paz este con usted),
Cómo utilizar a este kit de consejo
Ideas de CAIR sobre la publicidad de Ramadán
Ideas de publicidad de Ramadán
Estudiantes musulmanes pueden compartir sus experiencia del ayuno patronizando una competición de ayuno. Organizaciones locales de la universidad pueden animar a estudiantes no-musulmanes en sus universidades respectivas (para más información véase al www.fast-a-thon.com). Para cada estudiante que participe, negocios locales pueden donar por lo menos $1 a un abastecedor de alimento de emergencia en su área. Al concluír el ayuno, los estudiantes pueden participar o pueden ser invitado para compartir una comida preparada por la organización musulmana con la comunidad musulmana local.
Colección de alimento
Entreguen comidas de iftar y de sujur a familias desamparadas. Organice una colección de alimento durante el mes de Ramadán y dónelos a las familias necesitadas.
Ideas para artículos sobre Ramadán
Puntos de diseminar el Ramadán a la prensa
Ya que ha escojido su comité y los acontecimientos de Ramadán, ¡ahora es tiempo para su comité publicar! ¡Publique! ¡Publique! La prensa es una gran fuente para educar otros sobre el Islam. Aquí están algunos puntos a considerar para hablar con los contactos de la prensa sobre sus acontecimientos de Ramadán:
Para remisión inmediata
EL AYUNO DE RAMADÁN COMIENZA (fecha aquí) EL * DE *
El ayuno se realiza para aprender disciplina, dominio de sí mismo y generosidad, mientras obedeciendo los mandamientos de Dios. El ayuno (junto con la declaración de la fe, los rezos diarios, la caridad, y el peregrinaje a la Meca) es uno de los "cinco pilares" del Islam. Porque Ramadán es un mes lunar, comienza cerca de once días anterior cada año. El final de Ramadán es marcado por los rezos comunales llamados "Eid-ul-Fiter" o fiesta del termino del ayuno.
"Durante esta época de crisis, el ayuno islámico le ofrece a la gente de otras religiones una oportunidad de aprender más sobre Islam y sobre la comunidad islámica en América," dijo Nihad Awad, director ejecutivo del Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR con las cifras ingleses), grupo islámico que defiende los derechos de musulmanes desde Washington.
El Corán, texto revelado del Islam, dice:
Los demógrafos dicen que el Islam es una de las religiones con crecimiento más rápida de este país y alrededor del mundo. Hay un estimado de 6 - 7 millones de musulmanes en los EEUU y unos 1.5 mil millones mundiales. -
* Porque el principio de meses lunares islámicos depende en la vista real de la luna nueva, las fechas del comienzo y del termino de Ramadán pueden variar.
NOTA a reporteros: Para obtener más información sobre contactos para los miembros de comunidades musulmanas locales, comuniquese con CAIR al 202-488-8787 o 202-489-5108.
Hechos de Ramadán
PREGUNTAS SOBRE RAMADÁN
PREGUNTAS Y RESPUESTAS SOBRE EL ISLAM Y MUSULMANES AMERICANOS
LOS HECHOS DEL ISLAM
TÉRMINOS Y CONCEPTOS
**Nota para reporteros:
The Halal Burrito
By Ann Alucard
South Paterson has a new eatery! Amidst the Main Street Halal Restaurants is an innovative family owned Halal Mexican take-out and delivery. "The Halal Burrito", 1021 Main Street, South Paterson, New Jersey celebrated their "Grand Opening, June 15, 2006, along with Mayor Joseph "Jose" Torres, North Jersey Chamber of Commerce Members and their family.
The restaurant provides the area with a healthy, quality Halal alternative. They are certified by the State of New Jersey for serving only Halal chicken breast, ground beef and filet mignon. The menu features Wraps, Burritos, along with their overflowing Nacho Platters, Quesadillas, light, crunchy Taco Salads and hard shell Tacos, stuffed with vegetables. They also feature, "Yaz's Ice Brewed Teas", exotic flavours of Jasmine, Mango, Golden Lily, and Spring White, made from loose teas around the World.
"Some of our customers are trying Burritos for the first time," said owner Chet Aral, a 30 year Paterson resident, "The Halal Burrito is a 'family affair'," working with his wife Cindy and nephew Yasin. Cindy said, "We felt that there was a need for something different in town." Trained in the culinary arts, Yasin created the menu and their signature sauces and salsas, "It allows those with diverse dietary restrictions to have another option."
Open since the end of March, the restaurant already has regular customers that either loves their spiciest creation, "Mango Habenero Sauce", or the "Red Roasted Pepper and "Sweet Onion" sauces for the less daring patrons They also have neighbourhood favourites, like the P-Town Taco with double beef along with their Zod Burrito, double chicken and filet mignon, named after their family dog, often seen walking in Clifton Park with Chet and Cindy. The meaning behind the Pittsburg Wrap special, a sizzling combination of roasted vegetables and chicken breast, is football. The Aral family are long time Pittsburgh Steelers fans and show their loyalty in the yellow walls with black trim that create a festive atmosphere.
"The Halal Burrito" is open Tuesday thru Friday 11:30 pm - 9pm and Saturday and Sunday 1:00pm - 9pm, closed on Monday. The restaurant offers a small eat-in counter with seating for four, take-out and delivery (minimum $15), 973-684-5522, fax: 973-684-2219, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.